Enterprise APIs development and Microservices with NodeJS.

Introduction

When it comes to enterprise APIs, there are some must-have aspects like scalability, maintainability, documentation, test automation, CI/CD, monitoring, and more. Adopting a microservice architecture can help teams and companies to leverage some of the mentioned aspects and this is the reason why it became so popular nowadays. For sure microservices comes with a price and not everything is vanilla ice, it demands developers to think a bit out of the code and gain skills that go beyond being a good coder. Developers need to have skills related to infrastructure, containers, messages queues, api-gateway, logging, traceability, cache and cache invalidation, auth-protocols. You may say that some of these skills are also demanded in a big monolithic. But they do are required for having at least a decent microservice approach.

Goal

This tutorial mayor goal is to transmit base on examples and a concreted use case. A simple but professional Know-how for building enterprise quality software using microservices. We are going to touch with practical example, videos and code what I consider are the basic must to have pieces of architecture and the skills that developer should know.

Tutorial Overview

To go throw the tutorial we are going to follow a small use case solution for a “Trip Agency”. Basically it is about a system that allows the management of Customers and a pool of holiday offers. The system must support the creation of bookings(Association between Customers and a Holiday Offer). The APIs should also consider a role base authentication system for Administrators and Tour Operators.

Architecture Diagram for the use case solution

Fig. 1 Initial Architecture Overview.
  • Intro
    • Introduction to Microservices.
    • Tech stack discussion for Trip Agency.
    • Creating our first customer-api express version 1.
    • Containerizing NodeJS with Docker.
    • Containers Orchestration with docker-compose.
  • Conceptualizing and mocking the customer-api
    • Initial dev Setup: VSCode, Linting etc.
    • Creating swagger.yaml specification for customer-api.
    • Swagger based development driving.
    • Express base application with Scaffolding from scratch.
    • Having a mocked API ready to use in minutes with express-swagger-middleware.
  • Real TDD
    • Automatic test generation base on swagger using oatts.
    • Improving auto generated oatts test with json templates.
    • Lines code coverage with nyc.
  • Coding Part I
    • Mongoose Model.
    • Coding customer-api controllers, step by step using TDD.
    • Errors and Global Async Error Handling
    • Swagger UI Browser services to expose and document our rest APIs.
  • Coding Part II
    • Introduction to Elasticsearch as object store and search engine for holidayHub-api.
    • Creating holidayHub-api swagger specification.
    • Using TDD to implement our holidayHub-api Microservices.
  • Deployment and CI/CD
    • Orchestration of the overall stack and customer-api for local testing using docker-compose.
    • Introduction to Gitlab CI/CD(jobs, runners and registry).
    • Gitlab stage for building check lint, test and deploying local .using own runners(Docker in Docker or Shell).
    • Kubernetes Introduction and helm.
    • How to deploy NodeJs application to kubernetes.
    • Deploy from gitlab to kunernetes.
  • AWS Deployment
    • Using ECR as container registry.
    • Deploying microservices using ECS.
    • Configuring the Application Load balancer.
    • Using AWS api-gateway
  • Coding Part III
    • Implementing booking-api Microservice with MongoDB
  • Authentication and Authorization
    • Deploying keycloak as Identity and Access Management in our Microservices infrastructure.
    • Creating users and roles for Trip Agency
  • API gateway
    • Introduction to api-gateway.
    • Having a reliable API gateway in NodeJS.
    • Authentication check and base Authorization at the api-gateway entry level.
    • Handling cache at the api-gateway level.
    • Why to expose the APIs behind the api-gateway.
  • Metrics and Monitoring
    • Deploy APM dashboard into our kubernetes cluster.
    • Adding apm-agent to our NodeJS Microservices to expose metrics and logs.
    • Creating some basic dashboard for monitoring and alerts.
  • Graphql
    • Intro to Graphql and Apollo server.
    • Graphql gateway implementation.
    • Autogenerated graphql endpoint from swagger rest APIs.
    • Extending graphql queries and mutations.
  • Event Driving Microservices and Messages Queues
    • Introduction to amqp protocol
    • Deploying a RabitMQ server into our Kubernetes infrastructure.
    • Conecting to RabitMQ from our NodeJS Microservices.
    • Publishing and Consuming events from our Microservices.

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